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SPARQL, aka SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language, is a query language created in 2008.

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SPARQL (pronounced "sparkle", a recursive acronym for SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language) is an RDF query language, that is, a semantic query language for databases, able to retrieve and manipulate data stored in Resource Description Framework (RDF) format. It was made a standard by the RDF Data Access Working Group (DAWG) of the World Wide Web Consortium, and is recognized as one of the key technologies of the semantic web. On 15 January 2008, SPARQL 1.0 became an official W3C Recommendation, and SPARQL 1.1 in March, 2013. Read more on Wikipedia...

Example from hello-world:
SELECT ?h WHERE { VALUES ?h { "Hello World" } }
Example from Linguist:
PREFIX foaf: <> SELECT ?name ?email WHERE { ?person a foaf:Person. ?person foaf:name ?name. ?person foaf:mbox ?email. }
Example from Wikipedia:
PREFIX ex: <> SELECT ?capital ?country WHERE { ?x ex:cityname ?capital ; ex:isCapitalOf ?y . ?y ex:countryname ?country ; ex:isInContinent ex:Africa . }
SPARQL Keywords
add as asc ask base by clear construct copy create data delete desc describe distinct drop false filter from graph group having in insert limit load minus move named not offset optional order prefix reduced select service silent to true undef union using values where with

Language features

Feature Supported Example Token
# [+\-]?\d+
# [+\-]?(\d+\.\d*[eE][+-]?\d+|\.?\d+[eE][+-]?\d+)
Booleans true false
"Hello world"
# A comment
Line Comments
# A comment

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