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SOAP, aka Simple Object Access Protocol, is a xml format created in 1998 by Dave Winer and Don Box and Bob Atkinson and Mohsen Al-Ghosein.

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SOAP (originally Simple Object Access Protocol) is a protocol specification for exchanging structured information in the implementation of web services in computer networks. Its purpose is to induce extensibility, neutrality and independence. It uses XML Information Set for its message format, and relies on application layer protocols, most often Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) or Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), for message negotiation and transmission. Read more on Wikipedia...

Example from Wikipedia:
POST /InStock HTTP/1.1 Host: Content-Type: application/soap+xml; charset=utf-8 Content-Length: 299 SOAPAction: "" <?xml version="1.0"?> <soap:Envelope xmlns:soap="" xmlns:m=""> <soap:Header> </soap:Header> <soap:Body> <m:GetStockPrice> <m:StockName>GOOGLE</m:StockName> </m:GetStockPrice> </soap:Body> </soap:Envelope>

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